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Did you know: it's very 'Kiwi' to use the term tramping to describe going into the mountains? Going into the bush is also a very 'Kiwi' thing to say, as a way to describe going into a vast land area covered in trees.

The Outdoor Safety Code provides important information to follow when participating in land sports and activities that involve going into the mountains or backcountry:

1Plan your trip

Seek local knowledge and plan the route you will take and the amount of time you can reasonably expect it to take.

  • Whether you're heading out for a quick jog or a multi-day tramp, it is always important to know your journey and be appropriately prepared for it. Not all tracks are sign posted in New Zealand, and different markers and junctions can be confusing. Cellphone coverage is often unavailable, meaning GPS and mapping may also not work. If the conditions change, you may need to know an alternate route.

Expand for key journey-planning tips:

2Tell someone

Tell someone your plans and leave a date for when to raise the alarm if you haven’t returned.

Complete the Outoor Intentions Form and email it to your trusted contact before you head out onto trail, even if you're only heading out for short trip. Alternatively, sending a text message or phone call that answers the questions within the intentions form will go a long way if you get injured or lost, as this means that your trusted contact can raise the alarm if you or your group don't get in touch to say you've returned when expected. The Outdoor Intentions form has been design specifically to address key information needed by Search and Rescue. 

 

3Be aware of the weather

New Zealand’s weather can be highly unpredictable. Check the forecast and expect weather changes.

The weather forecasts for mountains, snow, marine and coastline are all different from the ‘typical’ weather forecast you may find online or on your smart phone. Even if you don’t intend to be out for long, you need to check the weather for the area that you are going into, because conditions can be drastically different and changeable between marine, coastal and mountain areas compared to central or urban areas.

Advice for checking the weather:

4Know your limits

Challenge yourself within your physical limits and experience.

There are many recreational activities in New Zealand that are high-energy, but even the more relaxed activities still require you to understand your limits - your general health, fitness levels and your ability to undertake the activity in the potentially 'worst' conditions, are all factors.

When considering your limits, think about:

5Take sufficient supplies

Make sure you have enough food, equipment, clothing and emergency rations for the worst-case scenario. Take an appropriate means of communication.

Making sure you have the essentials when you travel into the outdoors is an important part of good preparation. Be sensible with what you need to bring based on the length of time you are going, the weather conditions, the type of track you are going onto, how you are feeling, and consider what else you may need if you take a wrong turn or get injured. Appropriate footwear, communications devices, telling someone, planning your trip/knowing your route, and even ensuring you have core essentials like water supplies, are all important considerations. Find out more in the day walk/hiking section or the multi-day tramping sections featured within the Tramping/Walking/Hiking section of this site.

Activities

Hunting is a popular activity in New Zealand. Two important safety considerations when going hunting are: the equipment used (including firearms) and the location and conditions (typically in the bush/mountains). Make sure you are familiar with the Outdoor Safety Code, above, as it contains key information about safely heading in the mountains/bushes. 

It is important to behave safely and responsibly when using firearms - always stick to the seven rules of the Firearms Safety Code when handling a firearm.

Key Contacts for Hunting

  • Mountain Safety Council - provides significant resources relating to land-based activities around New Zealand, such as hiking, as well as practical courses, training information and preparation videos.
  • Department of Conservation - managing the conservation of New Zealand's nature, including information about walking/tramping/hiking tracks, wildlife management and hut management.
  • New Zealand Police - manages firearms licencing in New Zealand (including visitor licences).
  • Walking Access Aotearoa - provides maps of hunting tracks in New Zealand.
  • Beacons - information about hiring or purchasing Personal Locator Beacons (PLBs).

Mountain biking is a popular sport in New Zealand and can be undertaken with a guide or unguided. it is important to apply the Outdoor Safety Code when Mountian Biking, as it is easy to get lost or injured when mountain biking in New Zealand.  

Key Contacts for Mountain Biking:

  • Mountain Safety Council - provides significant resources relating to land-based activities around New Zealand, such as hiking, as well as practical courses, training information and preparation videos.
  • Department of Conservation - managing the conservation of New Zealand's nature, including information about tracks, wildlife management and hut management.
  • Walking Access Aotearoa - don't let the name limit your expectations, this orgnasation provides maps for mountian biking, walking, cycling, horse trekking, hunting, fishing and much more.
  • Beacons - information about hiring or purchasing Personal Locator Beacons (PLBs).

Trail running is a popular sport which involves running trails through challenging terrain. Always be sure to follow the Outdoor Safety Code, especially if you plan to head out alone, and seriously consider hiring or purchasing a personal locator beacon. Essential guides and helpful informaiton can be found in the links (left).

Key contacts for Trail Running

  • Mountain Safety Council - provides significant resources relating to land-based activities around New Zealand as well as practical courses, training information and preparation videos.
  • Department of Conservation - managing the conservation of New Zealand's nature, including information about tracks, wildlife management and hut management.
  • Walking Access Aotearoa - don't let the name limit your expectations, this orgnasation provides maps for mountian biking, walking, tramping, cycling, horse trekking, hunting, fishing and much more.
  • Beacons - further information about hiring or perchasing a personal locator beacon.